YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS .

African-American Heritage Trail

YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

African-American Heritage Trail

The African-American Heritage Trail consists of sites that provide a historical glimpse into the life of African-Americans who resided in Fayetteville and Cumberland County. The hard labor bourn by slaves, the entrepreneurship of free blacks, the devotion to religion and education, service to our country, and the desire to learn and preserve valuable history await to tell the visitor a grand story.   African-Americans... MORE
The African-American Heritage Trail consists of sites that provide a historical glimpse into the life of African-Americans who resided in Fayetteville and Cumberland County. The hard labor bourn by slaves, the entrepreneurship of free blacks, the devotion to religion and education, service to our country, and the desire to learn and preserve valuable history await to tell the visitor a grand story.   African-Americans arrived in this area as slaves of European settlers. The institution of slavery sustained the agrarian based society that had quickly developed. Slave labor was also used to support another leading industry—naval stores—the harvesting of resin from pine trees to produce tar, pitch, and turpentine. When the nation recorded its first census in 1790, Cumberland County’s total population was 8,671, which included more then 2,100 blacks.   In the early years of the 18th century, smaller farms required that slaves and their white owners work side-by-side to cultivate the land. African-American slaves worked primarily in the fields. However, many specialized as artisans, such as 22-yearold Bob, who worked as a cooper - a sister industry to naval stores - crafting wooden containers such as barrels.   Free blacks and freed slaves lived in the area working as boatmen and draymen (men who drove wagons to make deliveries). Some blacks were free at birth because of their mother’s status as a free person. Freed slaves obtained their liberty through their master’s will or by being purchased by family members who were emancipated.   The Revolutionary War brought about a dichotomy, pitting the issue of slavery against the Patriots’ fight for freedom. While Virginia’s Governor Dunmore promised freedom to slaves who would bear arms against the colonist, North Carolina’s legislature, in 1780, promised “one prime slave…” to white men who would join the Continental Line. Blacks joining the Continental Line typically served as laborers to build fortifications, and clear roads, or as skilled craftsman making weapons, and shoeing horses. Some served as guides, musicians, and servants to white officers. Isaac Hammond, a free black from Fayetteville, joined the 10th North Carolina Regiment, serving as a fifer.   Many southern churches began as a brush arbor, which is an outdoor structure built with wood and sticks to provide shade and shelter. To the local African-American culture it was referred to as a “hush arbor” or “bush arbor,” because laws prevented slaves from congregating for fear of slave uprisings. Defying the rule, slaves gathered to worship in their own customs and traditions. A free black named Henry Evans, a Methodist preacher from Virginia, made Fayetteville his home because he felt blacks were in need of Christianity. Eventually, blacks and whites worshipped together to hear him preach. Many other local churches are rooted in African American traditions or were begun due to the local custom of segregation.   Trail Mileage: 65 miles Trail Time to Complete: 2 hours (half-day trail)   Sites of interest on this trail may be classified in one of three ways: Open to the Public - The site is open to the public for a visit during their operating hours; By Appointment Only - The site is available to visitors anytime by viewing it from the exterior or by calling ahead and making an appointment with its administrators for the site to be opened during your visit; Exterior View Only - The site may only be viewed from the exterior for a visit. Visitors may receive written or audible information about trail sites at the Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau through our Customize IT! system.   CLOSE
  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex

    Hours: Sunday, 1 – 5 p.m.; Tuesday – Saturday, 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.; Closed Monday. Open to the public.

    At the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex, artifacts help tell some of the African-American story. For example, there is a winnowing basket used by the slaves for harvesting rice, slave shackles and reproduction gourd instruments. African- Americans, whether slaves, freed from slavery, or born free, worked in the naval stores industry, helping North Carolina earn the nickname Tar Heel state. Many free African-Americans were farmers, belonging either to the tenant or yeoman class. The lives of many are told collectively through the museum’s exhibits. The 1897 Poe House is part of the historical complex. A tour of the Poe House discusses the roles of African-American women working as domestic servants at the turn of the 20th century. Discover a bit of what life was like for the African- Americans in the Jim Crow south. The remains of the U.S. Arsenal in North Carolina comprises the third component of the museum’s campus. Walk this site and you walk the grounds where African- Americans, both free and enslaved, labored to help construct a federal arsenal prior to the Civil War. Now known as Arsenal Park, the facility manufactured weapons and other ordinance goods for the Confederacy. In March 1865, Union troops fulfilled an order by General William Sherman to “batter, blast and burn” the arsenal. Ruins of the building foundations and a modern steel semblance known as the Ghost Tower keep vigil for the lives associated with this historic site.

    801 Arsenal Avenue Fayetteville NC 28305

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 486-1330

    Hours: Sunday, 1 - 5 p.m.; Tuesday - Saturday, 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Closed Monday. Open to the public. At the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex, artifacts help tell some of the African-American story. For example, there is a winnowing...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Airborne and Special Operations Museum (ASOM)

    Hours: Sunday, 12 – 5 p.m.; Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. Open to the public.

    The Airborne and Special Operations Museum preserves the extraordinary feats performed by parachute and glider borne troops and their brothers in arms, the special operations forces. By exploring the artifact displays, life-size dioramas, audio and visual displays, and motion simulator, you will gain a deeper respect and pride for the remarkable achievements of these brave All American Airborne soldiers. There is an exhibit on the Triple Nickels or the 555th Battalion – a historically all-black airborne unit.

    100 Bragg Boulevard Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 643-2766

    Hours: Sunday, 12 - 5 p.m.; Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Open to the public. The Airborne and Special Operations Museum preserves the extraordinary feats performed by parachute and glider borne troops and their brothers in arms, the...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum

    Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Fourth Fridays 10 a.m.-10 p.m.; Closed on Sunday and Holidays. Open to Public.

    The Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum exhibits contributions made by local African-Americans. The museum also has staff oversight of Fayetteville’s Historic Districts and Designated Local Landmark Properties, many of which have strong ties to African-American history. Maintained in the museum archives are all the National Register and Local Landmark nominations for use by researchers. Also the museum is a repository of historical information concerning local African- Americans. Museum staff is available to assist citizens with directed research in the area of local African-American history.

    325 Franklin Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 433-1457

    Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Fourth Fridays 10 a.m.-10 p.m.; Closed on Sunday and Holidays. Open to Public. The Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum exhibits contributions made by local African-Americans. The...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Market House

    Hours: Exterior view only, Daily before dusk.

    Previously known as the State House, it was here that North Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1789 and chartered the University of North Carolina. In 1831, a fire destroyed downtown Fayetteville, including the State House and the Market House was rebuilt on its site. As a marketplace, various peddlers sold cotton and other agricultural products here. In fact, one of the first meat merchants to sell their goods under the Market House in 1832, was a free born African American. Although not built as a slave market, slaves were sold here over the years until slavery was abolished in 1865. Historical debate also circles around the possibility that the structure was built by a local free black man, Thomas Grimes, one of the best brick masons in the area at the time.

    Person, Hay, Green, Gillespie Streets Fayetteville NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior view only, Daily before dusk. Previously known as the State House, it was here that North Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1789 and chartered the University of North Carolina. In 1831, a fire destroyed downtown Fayetteville,...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Charles W. Chesnutt 1858-1932 Historical Marker

    Negro novelist and short story writer, teacher and lawyer. Taught in a school which stood here.

    Gillespie Street in Fayetteville

    Negro novelist and short story writer, teacher and lawyer. Taught in a school which stood here....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville State University Historical Marker

    Est. 1867 as Howard School. State-supported since 1877. A part of The University of North Carolina since 1972.

    NC 87/210
    (Murchison Road) in Fayetteville

    555-remove-me

    Est. 1867 as Howard School. State-supported since 1877. A part of The University of North Carolina since 1972....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Henry Evans Historical Marker

    Free black cobbler & minister. Built first Methodist church in
    Fayetteville. Died 1810. Buried 2 blocks north.

    Person Street at Cool Spring Street in Fayetteville

    Free black cobbler & minister. Built first Methodist church in Fayetteville. Died 1810. Buried 2 blocks north....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Hiram R. Revels 1822-1901 Historical Marker

    First African American to serve in Congress, he represented
    Mississippi in Senate, 1870-1871. Born in Fayetteville.

    NC 210 (Murchison Road) at Blue Street in Fayetteville

    First African American to serve in Congress, he represented Mississippi in Senate, 1870-1871. Born in Fayetteville....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Lewis Leary 1835-1859 Historical Marker

    Free black abolitionist and conspirator in 1859 with John Brown in attack on U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Killed in live assault. Lived in Fayetteville.

    Murchison Road and Washington Drive

    Free black abolitionist and conspirator in 1859 with John Brown in attack on U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Killed in live assault. Lived in Fayetteville....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Saint Ann Catholic Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only.

    This church was created in 1934, because a group of African Americans were tired of attending Mass near a sign that read, “Colored Catholics Sit Here.” Historically, St. Ann’s served the blacks while St. Patrick’s was predominantly white. However, the St. Ann Catholic School was the first school in North Carolina to be integrated from its inception. Another unique aspect of St. Ann Church is the beautiful collection of stained glass windows depicting the church’s history.

    357 North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-3216

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only. This church was created in 1934, because a group of African Americans were tired of attending Mass near a sign that read, "Colored Catholics Sit Here." Historically, St. Ann's...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Cross Creek Cemetery (Brookside)

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk.

    Brookside, an area of Cross Creek Cemetery dedicated to burials for African-Americans post Civil War, contains the graves of many notable families of the Fayetteville area. This cemetery was designated by the City Council as a local landmark in September 2003. Some of those notable families and individuals include E.E. Smith, members of the Chesnutt family, Dr. Paul Melchor, Robert Harris, the first principal of the Howard School and Bishop Hood. The grounds consist of free blacks buried after the Civil War and others born during the days of slavery.

    North Cool Spring Street and Grove Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk. Brookside, an area of Cross Creek Cemetery dedicated to burials for African-Americans post Civil War, contains the graves of many notable families of the Fayetteville area. This cemetery was designated...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Evans Metropolitan A.M.E. Zion Church

    Hours: Daily before dusk. Exterior view only.

    This church was chartered in 1801, and the current building was built in 1893. The congregation was founded by Henry Evans, a black shoemaker and Methodist preacher. His arrival into Fayetteville was the beginning of Methodism in Fayetteville and eastern North Carolina. Evans preached to a congregation of both blacks and whites. By the 1870s, the church became a part of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. A tablet in the basement marks the grave of Henry Evans.

    301 North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-2862

    Hours: Daily before dusk. Exterior view only. This church was chartered in 1801, and the current building was built in 1893. The congregation was founded by Henry Evans, a black shoemaker and Methodist preacher. His arrival into Fayetteville...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB)

    Hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.;

    Open to the public

    The Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB) positions Fayetteville and  Cumberland County as a destination for conventions, tournaments, and individual travel. Operating a Visitors Center with a drive-through window. The FACVB is located just minutes from the heart of downtown. Signs from I-95 provide clear directions to the Visitor Center. Call for information and help planning your visit to the area or stop by when you arrive for maps, brochures and more.

    245 Person Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-5311

    Hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Open to the public The Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB) positions Fayetteville and  Cumberland County as a destination for conventions, tournaments, and individual travel....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fifer’s Grave

    Hours: Exterior View Only.

    Open to the public, daily before dusk. The fifer, Isaac Hammond, lies buried here. Hammond became the first fifer in the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry and served 30 years. He also served in the 10th NC Regiment Continental Line during the Revolutionary War. He became a barber in town and participated in politics even though blacks were not permitted to vote at the time.

    North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville, NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior View Only. Open to the public, daily before dusk. The fifer, Isaac Hammond, lies buried here. Hammond became the first fifer in the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry and served 30 years. He also served in the 10th...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Simon Temple A.M.E. Zion Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only.

    According to a deed dated November 18,1873, a piece of land was sold by Henry McDonald to the Trustees of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of America. With this tract of land, the first substantial building was constructed with the name of Beaver Creek Chapel and steps of progress were seen. In 1887, under the leadership of Reverend M. N. Levy, an antique church bell was purchased. In October 1923, under the administration of Reverend E. Johnson McKoy, the church building was remodeled.

    The name was changed from Beaver Creek A. M. E. Zion Church to Simon Temple A. M. E. Zion Church on November 9, 1976, in recognition of Simon the Cyrene, who helped Jesus carry his cross.

    5760 Yadkin Road Fayetteville NC 28303

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 867-2708

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only. According to a deed dated November 18,1873, a piece of land was sold by Henry McDonald to the Trustees of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of America. With this tract...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    E.E. Smith Monument

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk.

    Dr. E.E. (Ezekiel Ezra) Smith, a respected African-American educator, headed Fayetteville State University for an impressive 50 years. In fact, Smith gave some of his own land to build some of FSU’s first buildings. He also served as an ambassador to Liberia and as the adjutant of the 3rd NC Regiment during the Spanish-American War. Other notable accomplishments include founding North Carolina’s first black newspaper and serving as a Baptist Minister for the black First Baptist Church.

    1200 Murchison Road Fayetteville NC 28301
    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk. Dr. E.E. (Ezekiel Ezra) Smith, a respected African-American educator, headed Fayetteville State University for an impressive 50 years. In fact, Smith gave some of his own land to build some of...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Saint Joseph’s Episcopal Church

    Hours: Exterior view only. Open to the public daily, before dusk.

    The church, built in 1896, to serve a black congregation formed in 1873, represents the second oldest Episcopal congregation in Fayetteville. Most notable are five Resurrection windows from the Tiffany & Co. in New York. A pipe organ built in 1857, is one of the oldest still in use in America, and has been powered by hand, water, gas, and now electricity.

    509 Ramsey Street Fayetteville NC 28302

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 323-0161

    Hours: Exterior view only. Open to the public daily, before dusk. The church, built in 1896, to serve a black congregation formed in 1873, represents the second oldest Episcopal congregation in Fayetteville. Most notable are five Resurrection...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Omar Ibn Said ca. 1770-1863 Historical Marker

    Muslim slave & scholar. African-born, he penned autobiography in Arabic, 1831. Lived in Bladen County and worshipped with local Presbyterians.

    Murchison Road

    Muslim slave & scholar. African-born, he penned autobiography in Arabic, 1831. Lived in Bladen County and worshipped with local Presbyterians....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Bethel AME Zion Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view only.

    The Bethel A.M.E. Zion Church was founded in 1873, as a mission, known as the “Little Ark.” The late Jack Murchison built a brush shelter to preach to two neighboring plantations. A few years later, a Presbyterian minister preached at Little Ark and established it as a Presbyterian church. Subsequently, a Methodist minister from Fayetteville arrived and converted them to Methodism, which later became apart of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church movement.

    255 Vass Road Spring Lake NC 28390

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 497-3445

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view only. The Bethel A.M.E. Zion Church was founded in 1873, as a mission, known as the "Little Ark." The late Jack Murchison built a brush shelter to preach to two neighboring plantations. A few years...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville State University

    Hours: Open to the public, daily before dusk.

    Fayetteville State University is the second oldest public university in North Carolina that is a part of the University of North Carolina System. The college was originally named the Howard School for African-Americans and was founded in 1867. It was named after General O.O. Howard, director of the Freedman’s Bureau, when seven black men purchased land for $136. In 1877, the Howard School was designated as the first State Colored Normal School to educate African-American teachers. In 1939, it became a four year college and in 1972, it became part of the UNC System. At the Chesnutt Library, historical artifacts, such as E.E. Smith’s sword, can be viewed in the archives room.

    1200 Murchison Road Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 672-1111

    Hours: Open to the public, daily before dusk. Fayetteville State University is the second oldest public university in North Carolina that is a part of the University of North Carolina System. The college was originally named the Howard School...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Martin Luther King, Jr. Park

    Hours: Daily, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Open to the public.

    Enjoy a picnic pavilion and open space as the beginnings for the 13 acres of land commemorating the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. An impressive sculpture of Dr. King reigns high over the park. Plans include a fountain, lighted spire, gardens, and walking trail.

    739 Blue Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 433-1547

    Hours: Daily, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Open to the public. Enjoy a picnic pavilion and open space as the beginnings for the 13 acres of land commemorating the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. An impressive sculpture of Dr. King reigns high over the...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Orange Street School

    Hours: Exterior view, daily before dusk or by appointment only.

    Built in 1915, by African-American contractor James Waddell. The Orange Street School is believed to be the oldest building associated with education in Fayetteville. Before its construction, black students had been attending classes in a small, one-room schoolhouse for nearly 50 years. The school continued to function as an educational facility for 38 years. The upstairs now serves as a museum where Bishop James Walker Hood’s top hat and bible can be viewed. He was an early founder and pastor of Evans Metropolitan A.M.E. Zion Church. The home of Edward Evans, the original principal of Orange Street School, is located across the street.

    600 Orange Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-7038

    Hours: Exterior view, daily before dusk or by appointment only. Built in 1915, by African-American contractor James Waddell. The Orange Street School is believed to be the oldest building associated with education in Fayetteville. Before its...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  • YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Sandhills Family Heritage Center/Farmers Market

    Hours: Exterior view only or by appointment, daily before dusk.

    An exhibit on plank roads exists on the grounds and is used to tell the story of slave labor that helped build them. Formerly called the Spring Lake Civic Center, it was founded by African Americans as a recreational facility for local black youth in 1951. The center was used for youth and adult social gatherings such as family reunions, birthday parties, and during the 1960s as a civil rights meeting place. Plans are underway to restore the building as an African American Heritage Center by the Sandhills Family Heritage Association which frequently hosts events and tours here about African American Heritage.

    310 Green Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 568-5809

    Hours: Exterior view only or by appointment, daily before dusk. An exhibit on plank roads exists on the grounds and is used to tell the story of slave labor that helped build them. Formerly called the Spring Lake Civic Center, it was founded...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

THE STOPS

  1. Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex

    Hours: Sunday, 1 – 5 p.m.; Tuesday – Saturday, 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.; Closed Monday. Open to the public.

    At the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex, artifacts help tell some of the African-American story. For example, there is a winnowing basket used by the slaves for harvesting rice, slave shackles and reproduction gourd instruments. African- Americans, whether slaves, freed from slavery, or born free, worked in the naval stores industry, helping North Carolina earn the nickname Tar Heel state. Many free African-Americans were farmers, belonging either to the tenant or yeoman class. The lives of many are told collectively through the museum’s exhibits. The 1897 Poe House is part of the historical complex. A tour of the Poe House discusses the roles of African-American women working as domestic servants at the turn of the 20th century. Discover a bit of what life was like for the African- Americans in the Jim Crow south. The remains of the U.S. Arsenal in North Carolina comprises the third component of the museum’s campus. Walk this site and you walk the grounds where African- Americans, both free and enslaved, labored to help construct a federal arsenal prior to the Civil War. Now known as Arsenal Park, the facility manufactured weapons and other ordinance goods for the Confederacy. In March 1865, Union troops fulfilled an order by General William Sherman to “batter, blast and burn” the arsenal. Ruins of the building foundations and a modern steel semblance known as the Ghost Tower keep vigil for the lives associated with this historic site.

    801 Arsenal Avenue Fayetteville NC 28305

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 486-1330

    Hours: Sunday, 1 - 5 p.m.; Tuesday - Saturday, 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Closed Monday. Open to the public. At the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex, artifacts help tell some of the African-American story. For example, there is a winnowing...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  2. Airborne and Special Operations Museum (ASOM)
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Airborne and Special Operations Museum (ASOM)

    Hours: Sunday, 12 – 5 p.m.; Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. Open to the public.

    The Airborne and Special Operations Museum preserves the extraordinary feats performed by parachute and glider borne troops and their brothers in arms, the special operations forces. By exploring the artifact displays, life-size dioramas, audio and visual displays, and motion simulator, you will gain a deeper respect and pride for the remarkable achievements of these brave All American Airborne soldiers. There is an exhibit on the Triple Nickels or the 555th Battalion – a historically all-black airborne unit.

    100 Bragg Boulevard Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 643-2766

    Hours: Sunday, 12 - 5 p.m.; Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Open to the public. The Airborne and Special Operations Museum preserves the extraordinary feats performed by parachute and glider borne troops and their brothers in arms, the...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  3. Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum

    Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Fourth Fridays 10 a.m.-10 p.m.; Closed on Sunday and Holidays. Open to Public.

    The Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum exhibits contributions made by local African-Americans. The museum also has staff oversight of Fayetteville’s Historic Districts and Designated Local Landmark Properties, many of which have strong ties to African-American history. Maintained in the museum archives are all the National Register and Local Landmark nominations for use by researchers. Also the museum is a repository of historical information concerning local African- Americans. Museum staff is available to assist citizens with directed research in the area of local African-American history.

    325 Franklin Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 433-1457

    Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Fourth Fridays 10 a.m.-10 p.m.; Closed on Sunday and Holidays. Open to Public. The Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum exhibits contributions made by local African-Americans. The...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  4. Market House
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Market House

    Hours: Exterior view only, Daily before dusk.

    Previously known as the State House, it was here that North Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1789 and chartered the University of North Carolina. In 1831, a fire destroyed downtown Fayetteville, including the State House and the Market House was rebuilt on its site. As a marketplace, various peddlers sold cotton and other agricultural products here. In fact, one of the first meat merchants to sell their goods under the Market House in 1832, was a free born African American. Although not built as a slave market, slaves were sold here over the years until slavery was abolished in 1865. Historical debate also circles around the possibility that the structure was built by a local free black man, Thomas Grimes, one of the best brick masons in the area at the time.

    Person, Hay, Green, Gillespie Streets Fayetteville NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior view only, Daily before dusk. Previously known as the State House, it was here that North Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1789 and chartered the University of North Carolina. In 1831, a fire destroyed downtown Fayetteville,...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  5. Charles W. Chesnutt 1858-1932 Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Charles W. Chesnutt 1858-1932 Historical Marker

    Negro novelist and short story writer, teacher and lawyer. Taught in a school which stood here.

    Gillespie Street in Fayetteville

    Negro novelist and short story writer, teacher and lawyer. Taught in a school which stood here....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  6. Fayetteville State University Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville State University Historical Marker

    Est. 1867 as Howard School. State-supported since 1877. A part of The University of North Carolina since 1972.

    NC 87/210
    (Murchison Road) in Fayetteville

    555-remove-me

    Est. 1867 as Howard School. State-supported since 1877. A part of The University of North Carolina since 1972....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  7. Henry Evans Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Henry Evans Historical Marker

    Free black cobbler & minister. Built first Methodist church in
    Fayetteville. Died 1810. Buried 2 blocks north.

    Person Street at Cool Spring Street in Fayetteville

    Free black cobbler & minister. Built first Methodist church in Fayetteville. Died 1810. Buried 2 blocks north....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  8. Hiram R. Revels 1822-1901 Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Hiram R. Revels 1822-1901 Historical Marker

    First African American to serve in Congress, he represented
    Mississippi in Senate, 1870-1871. Born in Fayetteville.

    NC 210 (Murchison Road) at Blue Street in Fayetteville

    First African American to serve in Congress, he represented Mississippi in Senate, 1870-1871. Born in Fayetteville....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  9. Lewis Leary 1835-1859 Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Lewis Leary 1835-1859 Historical Marker

    Free black abolitionist and conspirator in 1859 with John Brown in attack on U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Killed in live assault. Lived in Fayetteville.

    Murchison Road and Washington Drive

    Free black abolitionist and conspirator in 1859 with John Brown in attack on U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Killed in live assault. Lived in Fayetteville....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  10. Saint Ann Catholic Church
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Saint Ann Catholic Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only.

    This church was created in 1934, because a group of African Americans were tired of attending Mass near a sign that read, “Colored Catholics Sit Here.” Historically, St. Ann’s served the blacks while St. Patrick’s was predominantly white. However, the St. Ann Catholic School was the first school in North Carolina to be integrated from its inception. Another unique aspect of St. Ann Church is the beautiful collection of stained glass windows depicting the church’s history.

    357 North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-3216

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only. This church was created in 1934, because a group of African Americans were tired of attending Mass near a sign that read, "Colored Catholics Sit Here." Historically, St. Ann's...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  11. Cross Creek Cemetery (Brookside)
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Cross Creek Cemetery (Brookside)

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk.

    Brookside, an area of Cross Creek Cemetery dedicated to burials for African-Americans post Civil War, contains the graves of many notable families of the Fayetteville area. This cemetery was designated by the City Council as a local landmark in September 2003. Some of those notable families and individuals include E.E. Smith, members of the Chesnutt family, Dr. Paul Melchor, Robert Harris, the first principal of the Howard School and Bishop Hood. The grounds consist of free blacks buried after the Civil War and others born during the days of slavery.

    North Cool Spring Street and Grove Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk. Brookside, an area of Cross Creek Cemetery dedicated to burials for African-Americans post Civil War, contains the graves of many notable families of the Fayetteville area. This cemetery was designated...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  12. Evans Metropolitan A.M.E. Zion Church
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Evans Metropolitan A.M.E. Zion Church

    Hours: Daily before dusk. Exterior view only.

    This church was chartered in 1801, and the current building was built in 1893. The congregation was founded by Henry Evans, a black shoemaker and Methodist preacher. His arrival into Fayetteville was the beginning of Methodism in Fayetteville and eastern North Carolina. Evans preached to a congregation of both blacks and whites. By the 1870s, the church became a part of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. A tablet in the basement marks the grave of Henry Evans.

    301 North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-2862

    Hours: Daily before dusk. Exterior view only. This church was chartered in 1801, and the current building was built in 1893. The congregation was founded by Henry Evans, a black shoemaker and Methodist preacher. His arrival into Fayetteville...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  13. Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB)
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB)

    Hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.;

    Open to the public

    The Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB) positions Fayetteville and  Cumberland County as a destination for conventions, tournaments, and individual travel. Operating a Visitors Center with a drive-through window. The FACVB is located just minutes from the heart of downtown. Signs from I-95 provide clear directions to the Visitor Center. Call for information and help planning your visit to the area or stop by when you arrive for maps, brochures and more.

    245 Person Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-5311

    Hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Open to the public The Fayetteville Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (FACVB) positions Fayetteville and  Cumberland County as a destination for conventions, tournaments, and individual travel....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  14. Fifer’s Grave
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fifer’s Grave

    Hours: Exterior View Only.

    Open to the public, daily before dusk. The fifer, Isaac Hammond, lies buried here. Hammond became the first fifer in the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry and served 30 years. He also served in the 10th NC Regiment Continental Line during the Revolutionary War. He became a barber in town and participated in politics even though blacks were not permitted to vote at the time.

    North Cool Spring Street Fayetteville, NC 28301

    Hours: Exterior View Only. Open to the public, daily before dusk. The fifer, Isaac Hammond, lies buried here. Hammond became the first fifer in the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry and served 30 years. He also served in the 10th...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  15. Simon Temple A.M.E. Zion Church
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Simon Temple A.M.E. Zion Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only.

    According to a deed dated November 18,1873, a piece of land was sold by Henry McDonald to the Trustees of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of America. With this tract of land, the first substantial building was constructed with the name of Beaver Creek Chapel and steps of progress were seen. In 1887, under the leadership of Reverend M. N. Levy, an antique church bell was purchased. In October 1923, under the administration of Reverend E. Johnson McKoy, the church building was remodeled.

    The name was changed from Beaver Creek A. M. E. Zion Church to Simon Temple A. M. E. Zion Church on November 9, 1976, in recognition of Simon the Cyrene, who helped Jesus carry his cross.

    5760 Yadkin Road Fayetteville NC 28303

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 867-2708

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view or by appointment only. According to a deed dated November 18,1873, a piece of land was sold by Henry McDonald to the Trustees of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of America. With this tract...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  16. E.E. Smith Monument
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    E.E. Smith Monument

    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk.

    Dr. E.E. (Ezekiel Ezra) Smith, a respected African-American educator, headed Fayetteville State University for an impressive 50 years. In fact, Smith gave some of his own land to build some of FSU’s first buildings. He also served as an ambassador to Liberia and as the adjutant of the 3rd NC Regiment during the Spanish-American War. Other notable accomplishments include founding North Carolina’s first black newspaper and serving as a Baptist Minister for the black First Baptist Church.

    1200 Murchison Road Fayetteville NC 28301
    Hours: Exterior view only, daily before dusk. Dr. E.E. (Ezekiel Ezra) Smith, a respected African-American educator, headed Fayetteville State University for an impressive 50 years. In fact, Smith gave some of his own land to build some of...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  17. Saint Joseph’s Episcopal Church
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Saint Joseph’s Episcopal Church

    Hours: Exterior view only. Open to the public daily, before dusk.

    The church, built in 1896, to serve a black congregation formed in 1873, represents the second oldest Episcopal congregation in Fayetteville. Most notable are five Resurrection windows from the Tiffany & Co. in New York. A pipe organ built in 1857, is one of the oldest still in use in America, and has been powered by hand, water, gas, and now electricity.

    509 Ramsey Street Fayetteville NC 28302

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 323-0161

    Hours: Exterior view only. Open to the public daily, before dusk. The church, built in 1896, to serve a black congregation formed in 1873, represents the second oldest Episcopal congregation in Fayetteville. Most notable are five Resurrection...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  18. Omar Ibn Said ca. 1770-1863 Historical Marker
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Omar Ibn Said ca. 1770-1863 Historical Marker

    Muslim slave & scholar. African-born, he penned autobiography in Arabic, 1831. Lived in Bladen County and worshipped with local Presbyterians.

    Murchison Road

    Muslim slave & scholar. African-born, he penned autobiography in Arabic, 1831. Lived in Bladen County and worshipped with local Presbyterians....(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  19. Bethel AME Zion Church
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Bethel AME Zion Church

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view only.

    The Bethel A.M.E. Zion Church was founded in 1873, as a mission, known as the “Little Ark.” The late Jack Murchison built a brush shelter to preach to two neighboring plantations. A few years later, a Presbyterian minister preached at Little Ark and established it as a Presbyterian church. Subsequently, a Methodist minister from Fayetteville arrived and converted them to Methodism, which later became apart of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church movement.

    255 Vass Road Spring Lake NC 28390

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 497-3445

    Hours: Daily, before dusk. Exterior view only. The Bethel A.M.E. Zion Church was founded in 1873, as a mission, known as the "Little Ark." The late Jack Murchison built a brush shelter to preach to two neighboring plantations. A few years...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  20. Fayetteville State University
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Fayetteville State University

    Hours: Open to the public, daily before dusk.

    Fayetteville State University is the second oldest public university in North Carolina that is a part of the University of North Carolina System. The college was originally named the Howard School for African-Americans and was founded in 1867. It was named after General O.O. Howard, director of the Freedman’s Bureau, when seven black men purchased land for $136. In 1877, the Howard School was designated as the first State Colored Normal School to educate African-American teachers. In 1939, it became a four year college and in 1972, it became part of the UNC System. At the Chesnutt Library, historical artifacts, such as E.E. Smith’s sword, can be viewed in the archives room.

    1200 Murchison Road Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 672-1111

    Hours: Open to the public, daily before dusk. Fayetteville State University is the second oldest public university in North Carolina that is a part of the University of North Carolina System. The college was originally named the Howard School...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  21. Martin Luther King, Jr. Park
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Martin Luther King, Jr. Park

    Hours: Daily, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Open to the public.

    Enjoy a picnic pavilion and open space as the beginnings for the 13 acres of land commemorating the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. An impressive sculpture of Dr. King reigns high over the park. Plans include a fountain, lighted spire, gardens, and walking trail.

    739 Blue Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 433-1547

    Hours: Daily, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Open to the public. Enjoy a picnic pavilion and open space as the beginnings for the 13 acres of land commemorating the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. An impressive sculpture of Dr. King reigns high over the...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  22. Orange Street School
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Orange Street School

    Hours: Exterior view, daily before dusk or by appointment only.

    Built in 1915, by African-American contractor James Waddell. The Orange Street School is believed to be the oldest building associated with education in Fayetteville. Before its construction, black students had been attending classes in a small, one-room schoolhouse for nearly 50 years. The school continued to function as an educational facility for 38 years. The upstairs now serves as a museum where Bishop James Walker Hood’s top hat and bible can be viewed. He was an early founder and pastor of Evans Metropolitan A.M.E. Zion Church. The home of Edward Evans, the original principal of Orange Street School, is located across the street.

    600 Orange Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 483-7038

    Hours: Exterior view, daily before dusk or by appointment only. Built in 1915, by African-American contractor James Waddell. The Orange Street School is believed to be the oldest building associated with education in Fayetteville. Before its...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

  23. Sandhills Family Heritage Center/Farmers Market
    YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THAT IS

    Sandhills Family Heritage Center/Farmers Market

    Hours: Exterior view only or by appointment, daily before dusk.

    An exhibit on plank roads exists on the grounds and is used to tell the story of slave labor that helped build them. Formerly called the Spring Lake Civic Center, it was founded by African Americans as a recreational facility for local black youth in 1951. The center was used for youth and adult social gatherings such as family reunions, birthday parties, and during the 1960s as a civil rights meeting place. Plans are underway to restore the building as an African American Heritage Center by the Sandhills Family Heritage Association which frequently hosts events and tours here about African American Heritage.

    310 Green Street Fayetteville NC 28301

    VISIT WEBSITE

    (910) 568-5809

    Hours: Exterior view only or by appointment, daily before dusk. An exhibit on plank roads exists on the grounds and is used to tell the story of slave labor that helped build them. Formerly called the Spring Lake Civic Center, it was founded...(visit trails.visitfayettevillenc.com for full description)

    LANDMARK

African-American Heritage Trail
freevisitorcounters.com